Sudan has been in a state of turmoil since is independence from British rule in 1956. The Islamic government from the North has sought to dominate the non-Muslim southern region. From 1972 to 1983 the country experienced its longest period of peace since gaining independence. Civil war broke out again in 1983. The North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed in 2005. In 2003, a separate conflict broke out in the Darfur region. Due to internal struggles the country has devoted little recourses to economic and educational development. According to the CIA Factbook 40% of the population lives below the poverty level and the literacy rate is around 60%. For the 6th time since 1998 Sudan has made Doctors Without Borders top ten list of humanitarian crises.
One way to bring peace to Sudan is through education. Manute Bol has partnered Sudan Sunrise to build a school in his home village of Turalei. Sudan Sunrise is a movement of Americans, Sudanese and others to facilitate reconciliation and solidarity between Southern Sudanese Christians, Darfurian Muslims and all Sudanese.