Months ago I stated sharing fun, quirky and odd facts as Facebook status with #stuffyouneedtoknow. I was tired of all the negative stuff that came through news feed. So, it was my way to lighten things up. I’ve learned a lot of cool stuff and have decided to expand it to my blog. So the topic for the inaugural blog edition of #stuffyouneedto know is United States National Parks.
The National Park Service was August 25, 1916 when President Woodrow Wilson signed the act creating the National Park Service as a bureau in the Department of the Interior. Originally, the National Park Service was responsible for protecting 35 national parks and monuments. In 1933, 56 monuments and military sites controlled by the Forest Service and War Department were transferred to the National Park Service.
Park Ranger Roy Sullivan was struck by lightning 7 times during his 35 year career as a park ranger at Shenandoah National Park.
Delaware is the only state that doesn’t have either a national monument or national park.
A South Dakota miner started calling Mount Rushmore by this name after a visiting New York attorney – Charles Rushmore – inquired about the name of the granite cliff. The name stuck and became official in 1930.
Castile de San Marcos in St. Augustine, Florida is the oldest masonry fortress in the United States. Built from conch shell bricks the Castile withstood bombardment from British cannons with little damage. Each night the Spanish troops would remove the cannon balls from the walls and repaint the Castile. The Castile never fell to attackers.
Yellowstone is the oldest national park in the world. It was created in 1872 when President Grant signed the Yellowstone National Park act.
Many believe that Hot Springs National Park not Yellowstone is the oldest national park. Even though the Hot Springs National Park became a federal protected area in 1832. It didn’t become a national park until 1921.
In the Fall of 2006 The Big Guy and I took a trip to Gatlinburg, TN at the end of leaf season. For a couple of Texans the colors were amazing even at the end of the season (meaning the leaves where starting to fall off). In Texas or least the part where I grew up leaves are really only 2 colors: green and brown. Green in the spring time or until it gets too hot and dry then the leaves just die and turn brown.
John and Lurany Oliver were the first pioneers to settle in the area in 1818. Their descendants were still living in the Cove when it became a part of the national park. Kermit Caughron, descendant of the Olivers lived there until his death in 1999.
Cades Cove is a part of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. It is full of a variety of wildlife but also includes an 11-mile loop that features historic buildings from the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. The abundance of wildlife made a popular Cherokee hunting ground.
John and Lurany Oliver were the first pioneers to settle in the area in 1818. Their descendants were still living in the Cove when it became a part of the national park. In fact Kermit Caughron, descendant of the Olivers and last resident of Cades Cove lived there until his death in 1999 The Oliver’s settled in the area despite the fact there there was not a treaty with the Cherokee nation allowing settlement. However, the Olivers would not have survived their first year without the aide of their Cherokee neighbors.
The original Oliver cabin stood about fifty yards behind the location of the honeymoon cottage. A honeymoon cottage was built by a family to be used by their adult children in the first few years of marriage. The adult children would have some privacy but still help out on the family farm until they were ready and able to get their own place.
Church played an important role in Cades Cove much of the social activities revolved around the churches. Cades Cove Baptist Church was founded in 1827. Later the church would split over the doctrinal issues. In 1841 Cades Cove Baptist became the Primitive Baptist Church. Primitive Baptist are hyper-Calvinist believing strongly in predestination. They believe that missionary work and evangelism is not needed because those who are predestined (or pre-determined by God) will enter heaven. That same year Johnson Adams and other baptists formed the Cades Cove Missionary Baptist Church. Missionary Baptist believed that the Gospel should be preached to all and salvation is for all who accept it. However they did not have their own building until 1894. Cades Cove was also home to Cades Cove Methodist and later the Hopewell Methodist Church. The Hopewell Methodist building is no longer standing today.
The house was originally located on Forge road. In 1940, it was moved to the Cable Mill Historic Area by the National Park Service.
Today the Cable Mill Historic Area and Visitors Center Houses outdoor displays. The building above was a sorghum mill. Sorghum mill was used to produce molasses. Molasses, honey, maple sugar and maple syrup were sweeteners used by pioneers. Molasses is sold in the visitors center from mid-September through October.
The flume was used to channel water from the stream to the mill to the power the saw mill.
John Cable’s water wheel driven mill powered a mill for grains as well as a saw mill. His son and Fredrick Shields also operated mills. A mill meant that the residents could have flour as well as cornmeal. The arrival of the saw mill meant houses could be built out of lumber and not just logs.