In honor of the 4th of July I’m re-posting my 4th of July post from 2009.
Chester by William Billings became a popular anthem during the American Revolution. Chester and Yankee Doodle were probably the most popular songs during the American Revolution. Billings was an American composer born in Boston in 1746. He is considered one of the foremost early American composers. Billings also penned David’s Lamination, a song that is still popular in Sacred Harp signings.
In my opinion, musically it is a stronger song than The Star-Bangled Banner. I couldn’t find a video of the Chester that I liked but did find William Schuman’s Chester Overture for Band preformed by the Texas A&M University Wind Symphony (Whoop!!).
Let tyrants shake their iron rod
And slav’ry clang her galling chains;
We’ll fear them not. We trust in God;
New England’s God forever rains.
Howe and Burgoyne and Clinton, too
With Prescott and Cornwallis join’d,
Together plot our overthrow,
In one infernal league combined.
When God inspired us for the fight
Their lines were broke, their lines were forc’d,
Their ships were shelter’d in our sight
The foe comes on with haughty stride,
Or swiftly driven from our coast.
Their vet’rans flee before our youth
Our troops advance with martial noise.
And generals yield to beardless boys.
What shall we render to the Lord?
What grateful offerings shall we bring,
And praise his name on every chord.
Loud hallelujahs let us sing
Many thanks to the Big Guy’s grandfather and others who were there on June 6, 1944.
General Dwight D. Eisenhower’s message to the troops before embarking:
Soldiers, Sailors and Airmen of the Allied Expeditionary Force! You are about to embark upon a great crusade, toward which we have striven these many months. The eyes of the world are upon you. The hopes and prayers of liberty loving people everywhere march with you. In company with our brave Allies and brothers in arms on other fronts, you will bring about the destruction of the German war machine, the elimination of Nazi tyranny over the oppressed peoples of Europe, and security for ourselves in a free world.
Your task will not be an easy one. Your enemy is well trained, well equipped and battle hardened, he will fight savagely.
But this is the year 1944! Much has happened since the Nazi triumphs of 1940-41. The United Nations have inflicted upon the Germans great defeats, in open battle, man to man. Our air offensive has seriously reduced their strength in the air and their capacity to wage war on the ground. Our home fronts have given us an overwhelming superiority in weapons and munitions of war, and placed at our disposal great reserves of trained fighting men. The tide has turned! The free men of the world are marching together to victory!
I have full confidence in your courage, devotion to duty and skill in battle. We will accept nothing less than full victory!
Good Luck! And let us all beseech the blessings of Almighty God upon this great and noble undertaking.
Today’s post is spin off the American History Facts list I wrote a few months ago. In my research I found a reference to the creation of Lincoln Logs and Teddy Bears. Of course, I thought that it was the start of a new post.
#10: Play-Doh was originally sold as wallpaper cleaner. (Source: Mental Floss, The Quick 10: How 10 Classic Toys were Created)
#3: LEGOs were invented by Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish carpenter. LEGOs comes from the the Danish words LEg and GOdt, which means “play well.” Lego is also Latin for “I put together.” (Source: Townsend, All-Time 100 Greatest Toys: Legos)
#1: Released in 1972, Atari Pong was one of the first commercially successful video games. Oh, I am referring to a ping pong style game not what Sony released for Play Station in the mid-90s. Sony’s version of the classic game was really break out.
Several years ago I wrote Top 10: American History Facts. It has been a very popular post the last couple of weeks. Thought I would add a second installment.
#10: The Red Cross has a Congressional charter even though it isn’t a government agency. It was chartered in 1990 to provide disaster relief and provide assistance to the military families.
#9: President James Madison was the 1st graduate student at Princeton University.
#8: African-American inventor Elijah McCoy, created a device to keep train wheels oiled while the train was running. There were other similar devices but McCoy’s was the best. Station agents would ask for the “Real McCoy.”
#7: The seven rays on the Statue of Liberty’s crown represent the seven continents.
#3: Alaska has a longer coast line than all other states combined.
#2: The Adelsverin or Society for the Protection of German Immigrants in Texas was created in 1842 to promote a mass immigration movement to the Republic of Texas and create a new German state in America. The society encountered many difficulties and internal conflict but about 7,000 Germans immigrated before the society folded in 1847.
#1: The 50-Star was designed by Robert G. Heft created the design as a class project. He was originally given a grade of B-. After the flag was adopted by Congress his grade was changed to an A.